Burials at St Bennets

An Examination of Burials and Wooden Coffins from St Benet’s Churchyard.

Between October 1989 and July 1990, excavations took place at 12-18 Swinegate, 14 Little Stonegate, and 18 Back Swinegate in York. A total of fifteen trenches revealed a complex sequence of deposits, dating from Roman times to the post-medieval period. The archaeologists discovered a number of exceptional artefacts, including a collection of well-preserved wooden coffins and associated human remains of late 9th to early-11th century date, relating to the cemetery of the lost church of St Benet’s.

In 2015, specialists from York Archaeological Trust and York Osteoarchaeology reviewed the original material from these earlier sites to create a new set of reports. These included a woodworking technology report, an osteoarchaeological report, and a small finds report on a collection of objects buried with one of the individuals.

The work led to a new exhibition of one of the female coffined skeletons at JORVIK in December 2015. Unfortunately, due to the flooding which closed JORVIK from early 2016, the skeleton was withdrawn from display but will return to JORVIK in the spring of 2017 when the museum reopens to the public. Another male skeleton, which may either have come from Africa, or have traits of African ancestry, is also going to be on display in the new version of JORVIK, alongside the new isotopic research that hopes to shed more light on this interesting individual.It is hoped that this initial re-examination of this extremely interesting site in the center of York could lead to further investigation of the Viking Age in the city, specifically the identification of further human remains from this period.


Reports from the Project

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Burial Images


Skeleton Installation Images from 2015


Time-lapse video of wooden coffin and female skeleton installation at JORVIK Viking Centre



Site Location

Trench Location

David Scott