St Stephen’s Church

12th to 13th Century African Migrants?

Excavations in 2005 uncovered the remains of a Victorian brewery at Dixon Lane in York, which had itself disturbed a cemetery from St Stephen’s church containing 117 burials. Under the church were remains of Roman terracing, an Anglian timber building and timber post holes. There also appeared to be two skeletons, dating to the 12th and 13th centuries, from this site, that were of African descent (skeletons 94 and 104), in addition to a later female skeleton showing signs of leprosy (skeleton 116).

Clearly more work was required to understand this important site, and therefore we have worked on new pathological and isotopic analysis of the skeletons with the University of York to find out more. C14 dating is being undertaken on the two skeletons of individuals that appear to be of African descent as well as completing full pathological and isotopic reports. Images and a full pathological report has also been completed for the female with leprosy, whose remains have also been on display and discussed at Barley Hall within our Plague Poverty and Prayer exhibition.

 

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Roman, Anglian and Anglo-Scandinavian Activity and a Medieval Cemetery on Land at the Junction of Dixon Lane and George Street

 

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Skeleton 116. Dixon Lane and George Street 2005.3203

Skeletons 23,25,94 & 104. Dixon Lane and  George Street 2005

 

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Sample Reference: YORYM2005.3203SK94

Sample Reference: YORYM2005.3203SK104

 

 

 

Image Gallery

  • Dixon Lane SK 94 Cranial morphology
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 Abscess root of M1 and lamellar bone L maxilla
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 Abscess root of M1 and lamellar bone L maxilla
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 C3-7 exposure of trabecular bone possibly due to infection
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 cribra orbitalia L orbit
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 HFI frontal bone
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 L mandible caries M2 and M3 abscess M1
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 L parieta Button osteoma
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 lamellar bone L maxilla
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 R maxilla Caries M2
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 Rmandible broken M1
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 Rmandible broken M1 (2)
  • Dixon Lane SK 104 Rmaxillalabial wear on canine
  • DixonLane SK 25 cranial trauma
  • DixonLane SK 25 vascular impressions
  • DixonLane SK 25 vascular impressions (2)
  • DixonLane SK 25 vascular impressions (3)
  • Female Prison SK 1 crainiotomy saw marks
  • Female Prison SK 1 crainiotomy saw marks (2)
  • Female Prison SK 1 crainiotomy saw marks
  • Female Prison SK 1 crainiotomy saw marks (2)
  • Female Prison SK 1 T4-T11 Schmorls nodes
  • Female Prison SK 1 tarsal coalition of the left talus and calcaneus
  • Female Prison SK 2 ectocranial periosteal reaction frontal
  • Female Prison SK 2 fractured nose
  • Female Prison SK 2 fractured right ulna
  • Female Prison SK 2 fractured right ulna (2)
  • Female Prison SK 2 L mandible DEH
  • Female Prison SK 2 R mandible calculus
  • Female Prison SK 2 R orbit cribra Orbitalia
  • Female Prison SK 3 intermediate and distal right foot phalanges, possibly for the 3rd metatarsal  fused
  • Dixon Lane SK 94 epiphyseal fragmentation
  • Dixon Lane SK 94 lamellar bone fibula shaft

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