Pre-Conquest Bodies

An Analysis of Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Scandinavian Skeletons from Across York

 

Anglo-Scandinavian bodies

Recent carbon 14 dating on four skeletons from The Queen’s Hotel site, south of the River Ouse, and seven further individuals from the cemetery associated with St Benet’s Church on Swinegate have produced dates from the Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Scandinavian period. Pre-conquest burials in York are surprisingly rare therefore these burials, together with four from Coppergate, two from Hungate and two from the cemetery at St Helen’s on the Walls, have been further analysed with others from across the City to find out more about life and death in the city 1,000 years ago.

This project gathers together the dating and pathology reports as well as some specialist research on associated small finds and coffins from the various sites to help start to paint a fuller picture of life and death in pre-Conquest York.

Displays using the data gathered and the skeletons researched have been created for our programme of touring exhibitions including Valhalla, which in 2015/16 has toured The House of Manannan in the Isle of Man and Shrewsbury Museum and Art Gallery; Heroes which has toured The Manx National Heritage Museum and Experience Barnsley Museum; Jorvik Life and Death at York Theatre Royal; Jorvik Home and Abroad at St Mary’s Church York, and JORVIK itself.

  • Coppergate Skeleton 1
  • Coppergate Skeleton 2
  • Coppergate Sk30944 Fibula periostitis
  • Coppergate Sk30944 Fibula periostitis (2)
  • Coppergate Sk30944 LMT5 (4)
  • Coppergate Sk30944 LMT5 (6)
  • Coppergate Sk30944 Manidble
  • Coppergate Sk30944 Mandible (2)
  • Coppergate Sk30944 R Humerus MSM
  • Coppergate Sk30944 R humerus with MSM
  • Coppergate Sk30944 Tibia periostitis (2)

Images from Hungate

  • Hungate Sk13
  • Hungate Sk13 (2)
  • Hungate Sk13 (3)
  • Hungate Sk13 (4)
  • Hungate Sk13 (5)
  • Hungate Sk49
  • Hungate Sk49 (2)
  • Hungate Sk49 (3)
  • Hungate Sk49 (4)

Images from St Benet’s

  • St Benet's burial
  • St Benet's burial 2
  • The metalled surface in trench 3 together with later posts, Swinegate
  • The nine men's morris game carved onot a plank above burial 14007, St Benet's
  • A wooden coffin lid, St Benet's
  • Burial 3489 showing the grave marker stone with skeleton removed, St Benet's
  • Burial 3489 showing the grave marker stone, St Benet's 2
  • Burial 3489 showing the grave marker stone, St Benet's
  • Burial with coffin lid moved St Benet's
  • Skeleton 3492 and 3495 (uppermost skeleton) showing the staining on bones, St Benet's

Pathology Images from St Benet’s

  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (1)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (2)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (3)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (4)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (5)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (6)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (7)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (8)
  • St Benet's SK3379 cranial morphology (9)
  • St Benet's SK3379 Zygomatic changes (1)
  • St Benet's SK3379 Zygomatic changes (2)
  • St Benet's SK3379 Schmorl's nodes in thoracic and lumbar spine (1)
  • St Benet's SK3379 Schmorl's nodes in thoracic and lumbar spine (2)
  • St Benet's SK3379 retroversion of shoulder and marginal osteophyte
  • St Benet's SK3379 DJD (1)
  • St Benet's SK3379 DJD (2)
  • St Benet's SK3381 Vertebral lesions (1)
  • St Benet's SK3381 Vertebral lesions (2)
  • St Benet's SK3381 Vertebral lesions (3)
  • St Benet's SK3381 Vertebral lesions (4)
  • St Benet's SK3381 Vertebral lesions (5)
  • St Benet's SK3381 Vertebral lesions (6)
  • St Benet's SK 33811st rib assymetry (1)
  • St Benet's SK 33811st rib assymetry (2)
  • St Benet's SK 3381Schmorl's nodes
  • St Benet's SK 3381OD
  • St Benet's SK 3381fusion of manubrium and sternum
  • St Benet's SK 3381Cranial assymetry (1)
  • St Benet's SK 3381Cranial assymetry (2)
  • St Benet's SK 3381C2 transverse foramen resorption
  • St Benet's SK 3492 schmorl's nodes (1)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 schmorl's nodes (2)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 S1 bifid spinous process (1)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 S1 bifid spinous process (2)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 S1 bifid spinous process (3)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 possible ossified haematoma (1)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 possible ossified haematoma (2)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 possible ossified haematoma (3)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 MC2 cyst
  • St Benet's SK 3492 L os-coxa and sacrum osteophyte formation (1)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 L os-coxa and sacrum osteophyte formation (2)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 cortical defects (1)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 cortical defects (2)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 cortical defects (3)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 cortical defects (4)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 cortical defects (5)
  • St Benet's SK 3492 assymetry of vertebral bodies
  • St Benet's SK 3492 assymetrical sacrum
  • St Benet's SK 3492 Assymetrical manubrium
  • St Benet's SK7061 slight calculus
  • St Benet's SK7061 Schmorl's nodes (1)
  • St Benet's SK7061 Schmorl's nodes (2)
  • St Benet's SK7061 Schmorl's nodes (3)
  • St Benet's SK7061 Schmorl's nodes (4)
  • St Benet's SK7061 Schmorl's nodes (5)
  • St Benet's SK7061 Schmorl's nodes (6)
  • St Benet's SK7061 Schmorl's nodes (7)
  • St Benet's SK7061 lesions on inferior margin of zygoma (1)
  • St Benet's SK7061 lesions on inferior margin of zygoma (2)
  • St Benet's SK7061 lesions on inferior margin of zygoma (3)
  • St Benet's SK7061 lesions on inferior margin of zygoma (4)
  • St Benet's SK7061 lesions on inferior margin of zygoma (5)
  • St Benet's SK7061 lesions on inferior margin of zygoma (6)
  • St Benet's SK7061 hyper-vascular manubrium
  • St Benet's SK7061 hyper-vascular impressions on sacrum (1)
  • St Benet's SK7061 hyper-vascular impressions on sacrum (2)
  • St Benet's SK7061 flaring of vertebral bodies
  • St Benet's SK7061  new bone formation on anterior surface of vertebrae (1)
  • St Benet's SK7061  new bone formation on anterior surface of vertebrae (2)
  • St Benet's SK7061  new bone formation on anterior surface of vertebrae (3)
  • St Benet's SK14071 thoracic marginal osteophytes (1)
  • St Benet's SK14071 thoracic marginal osteophytes (2)
  • St Benet's SK14071 thoracic marginal osteophytes (3)
  • St Benet's SK14071 supernumerary sacral vertebr
  • St Benet's SK14071 retroversion of the shoulder (1)
  • St Benet's SK14071 retroversion of the shoulder (2)
  • St Benet's SK14071 fusion of sternum and xyphoid
  • St Benet's SK14071 distal ulna fracture (1)
  • St Benet's SK14071 distal ulna fracture (2)
  • St Benet's SK14071 distal ulna fracture (3)
  • St Benet's SK14071 distal ulna fracture (4)
  • St Benet's SK14071 distal metatarsal articular assymetry (1)
  • St Benet's SK14071 distal metatarsal articular assymetry (2)
  • St Benet's SK14071 cuboid OD
  • St Benet's SK14071 calcaneus secundaris (1)
  • St Benet's SK14071 calcaneus secundaris (2)
  • St Benet's SK15042 Skull
  •  St Benet's SK15042 dental chips on maxillary incisors
  • St-Benets-SK15042
  • St Benet's SK15042 right maxillary M1 carie
  • St Benet's SK15042 right maxilla internally draining abscess
  • St Benet's SK15042 right maxilla externally draining abscess
  • St Benet's SK15042 right maxilla externally draining abscess and carie on M13
  • St Benet's SK15042 left maxilla internally draining abscess
  • St Benet's SK15042 left tibia ossified haematoma
  • St Benet's SK15042 healed fracture to distal right radius (1)
  •  St Benet's SK15042 healed fracture to distal right radius (2)
  • St Benet's SK15042 cortical proximal left femur
  •  St Benet's SK15042 bilateral muscle excavations on medial clavicles
  • St Benet's SK15042 bifid S1 neural arch

Video Gallery

Pathology Images from The Queen’s Hotel

  • SK-1 l maxilla abscess
  • SK-1 fractured l ulna
  • SK-2 crush fracture T61
  • SK-2 L m and abscess
  • SK-3 supernum sac vert
  • SK-3 strenal foramen
  • SK-3 strenal foramen
  • SK-3 s-node thoacic vert
  • SK-3 Lmax calc
  • SK-3 lesion-r-femur
  • SK-4 occipital new bone endocran
  • SK-4 cleft in sternum

Grave Goods Images - 15042

  • Knife
  • Belt Buckle
  • Hone Stone
  • Grouped Picture

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